This scan is available to women from 16 years of age. (See the equivalent scan for men here)
The purpose is to examine the knee joint for a range of conditions. This includes assessment of the joint, the tendons, associated muscles, lateral and medial collateral ligaments, bursae, the lateral and medial menisci and the posterior knee.
Common examples for having this ultrasound scan are to investigate the causes of knee pain, possible injury or inflammation of the tendons and ligaments, for conditions such as bursitis, tendinosis, degenerative changes such as arthritis, knee effusions and meniscal cysts / degeneration, cysts in the posterior knee and ligament tears.
For knees please wear loose clothing that will allow the knees to be exposed for the examination.
The opposite side may need to be assessed for comparison.
Knee problems are very common occurring in people of all ages.
This can interfere with daily activities from taking part in sporting activities to getting up from a chair and walking.
The knee is a complex joint made up of bone, cartilage, ligaments, tendons and muscles, all prone to injury and degenerative changes. As well as injury, certain types of arthritis can lead to cartilage and bone destruction, giving the symptoms of pain, swelling and a loss of flexibility within the affected joint.
Ultrasound is a well-established imaging method for assessing these structures and the many associated pathological processes.